How To Read Stock Charts Stock News & Stock Market Analysis IBD

how to read stock charts

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What are the two ways to analyze a stock?

There are two basic types of stock analysis: fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Fundamental analysis concentrates on data from sources, including financial records, economic reports, company assets, and market share.

Each investor should evaluate what type of chart is most beneficial for them and their trading style. Since each chart offers strengths and weaknesses, many investors may use one or all at various times, depending on their specific goals.

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Low volume days have little meaning, because it means few institutions were involved. Accumulation days are very positive events, because they signal underlying strength due to the fact how to read stock charts that institutions are accumulating shares and pushing the stock price higher. The more buying investors do, the more accumulating that is going on, and thus more a stock price will rise.

how to read stock charts

Note, however, there are many other common topping formations; this is just one example. By stacking your orders, you lower your initial risk and take on more risk only when you see confirmed strength of the underlying stock. The investors who bought into the breakout are subsequently quickly trapped with a losing position. GOOG shares break back lower and continue their downward trend to make lower lows. Volume jumps on increasing volume as BIIB surges out of its base, buy point $60.40, to claim fresh all-time highs. The stock breaks $58.16, a technical buy point, but immediately reverses back into its base the next day . Biogen begins forming its bottom by snapping out of its long term downtrend on strong accumulation volume.

Price Support Levels

Again, like the other metrics, trade volume should be carefully contextualized to be utilized effectively. A breakout occurs when the stock finally moves out of the trading range to the upside on heavy volume.

How the pattern performed in the past provides insights when the pattern appears again. A double top often looks like the letter M and is an initial push up to a resistance level followed by a second failed attempt, resulting in a trend reversal. Symmetrical triangles occur when two trend lines converge toward each other and signal only that a breakout is likely to occur—there is no upward or downward trend. The magnitude of the breakouts or breakdowns is typically the same as the height of the left vertical side of the triangle, as shown in the figure below. Reversals that occur at market tops are known as distribution patterns, where the trading instrument becomes more enthusiastically sold than bought.

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She likes to give meaning to numbers by humanizing them. The 3 main patterns include reversals, breakouts, and continuation patterns.

With price per share on the y-axis and time on the x-axis, you can quickly see where the stock has been trading. The top of the chart lets you select different time periods to evaluate. EPS stands for earnings per share for the last 12 months (or, technically, “trailing 12 months”), and that number is the “E” in PE ratio. You can get this number by dividing the most recently reported company earnings by the number of the company’s shares available on the stock market. The earnings date is the publicly displayed window of time for when the company will announce its latest quarterly earnings.

Dividend Rate & Dividend Yield

This was the proper follow up buy-point for FOSL and was the start of what has turned out to be a fantastic move for the stock. An ascending triangle is a chart pattern used in technical analysis created by a horizontal and rising trendline. The pattern is considered a continuation pattern, with the breakout from the pattern typically occurring in the direction of the overall trend. Downtrends occur when prices are making lower highs and lower lows.

  • When it does come into the picture however it is very often noted.
  • These are the levels a stock stays within over a period of time, and investors use them to help gauge the right time to buy or sell their shares.
  • Approximate 40-year gold price chart from Bullion By Post.
  • You can also see that there were stock splits in 2014 and 2020.